The Colon (Human Anatomy): Picture, Problems, Tests & Treatments

9. Inflammatory bowel disease

Another medical term for both, ulcerative colitis and the Crohn’s disease. These two conditions cause inflammation within the colon, also known as colitis.

10. Salmonellosis

A disease caused by the bacteria Salmonella, which contaminates our food and infects the intestine. Its symptoms include abdominal cramps and diarrhea, but they mostly tend to go away without any medication or treatment.

11. Shigellosis

A disease caused by the bacteria Shigella, which usually infects the colon by contaminating our food. Its common signs include abdominal cramps and diarrhea accompanied with bleeding.

12. Travelers’ diarrhea

When travelling through developing regions and countries, it is extremely difficult to find clean water and hygienic food because most water and food supplies are contaminated with harmful bacteria. The common symptoms of traveler’s diarrhea include nausea, fever and loose and frequent stool.

13. Ulcerative colitis

Much like the Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory disease that mostly impairs the rectum and the colon. Its most common symptoms include diarrhea accompanied with bleeding.

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