The Colon (Human Anatomy): Picture, Problems, Tests & Treatments

Colon Treatments

1. Antibiotics

These are medicines that are used to eliminate the bacteria present inside the colon, and doctors often prescribe them to patients suffering with colitis. They are also used to treat cases of the inflammatory bowel disease.

2. Antidiarrheal agents

These are medications that help reduce the symptoms and unpleasantness of diarrhea, along with reducing the frequency of the stool. However, reducing the symptoms doesn’t always cure certain cases of diarrhea unless the underlying cause is treated.

3. Anti-inflammatory medicines

There are several anti-inflammatory drugs that help reduce the symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease, along with slowing down the functioning of the immune system.

4. Colon surgery

Doctors perform this procedure to cure several colon diseases, including colon cancer, ulcerative colitis and severe cases of bleeding. It can be performed by removing the entire colon, also known as a colectomy or a part of the colon that has been infected. The doctors can either perform an open surgery that requires one large incision, or a laparoscopy that requires multiple small incisions.

5. Colonoscopy

Using tools on the tip of the endoscope, a doctor can treat certain colon conditions. Bleeding, polyps, or cancer might be treated by colonoscopy.

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