The Colon (Human Anatomy): Picture, Problems, Tests & Treatments

6. Enema

This is a medical term that refers to pumping fluid inside the colon through the anus. Doctors use this procedure to provide certain medications that cure several colon diseases and constipation.

7. Laxatives

There are certain salts, herbs and medicines that help stimulate bowel movements or muscles, and fill up the bowel with fluid that passes on the stool and helps relieve constipation. However, using laxatives for a continuous period is highly dangerous.

8. Polypectomy

This is a procedure that doctors perform during a colonoscopy, and it involves the removal of polyps present within the colon.

9. Probiotics

The health of the colon thrives when nourished with microbes, and in order to obtain these microbes the doctors prescribe certain probiotic supplements that can cure diseases like colitis and the Crohn’s disease.

10. Stool softeners

There are several prescriptive and over-the-counter medications that help soften and loosen up the stool to relive constipation. However, they may not work if the constipation is being caused by a stronger infection.

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