Prostate Gland (Human Anatomy): Prostate Function, Conditions, Tests and Treatments

Your prostate is a small gland, around the size of a walnut, and it is tucked between your penis and the bladder. The prostate is located right in front of your rectum, and the urethra travels from the bladder to the penis from the middle of the prostate, allowing the urine to flow out of the body without any constraints.

The prostate is responsible for secreting fluid that fortifies, nourishes and protects the sperm against all kinds of damage. As you ejaculate, it is actually the prostate that is squeezing out this fluid through the urethra, and it leaves the body with sperm as semen.

Prostate Cancer Treatment by Stage

The vasa deferentia is responsible for taking the sperm from the testes towards the seminal vesicles, and the seminal vesicles add up more fluid to the semen while ejaculation.

Prostate Conditions

1. Enlarged prostate

Also referred to as BPH or benign prostatic hypertrophy, it refers to abnormal prostate growth, and it is extremely common amongst men above the age of 50. Its symptoms include a severe difficulty in urination, which tends to worsen in intensity depending on the age of the patient. Doctors can prescribe either medications or surgical operation to cure cases of BPH.

2. Prostate cancer

This is the most prevalent kind of cancer found in men, however, research reveals that only one in around 35 male patients die due to prostate cancer. Doctors use several treatments to cure prostate cancer, including chemotherapy, radiation, hormone therapy and surgery. However, in certain cases, watchful waiting is necessary as prostate cancer grows very slowly and in order to pick out the right course of treatment, doctors allow it to grow for a certain period of time.

3. Prostatitis

This condition is mostly caused due to an infection, and it causes severe inflammation inside the prostate. Most cases of prostatitis are treated with antibiotics.

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